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Mellyn Lammath • Thema anzeigen - AcI in Sindarin?

AcI in Sindarin?


Moderator: Moderatoren

Beiträge: 2

Registriert: Fr Dez 20 2013 14:22

Beitrag Fr Dez 20 2013 14:43

AcI in Sindarin?

Beiträge: 10

Registriert: Mi Dez 18 2013 20:15

Wohnort: ered luin

Beitrag So Dez 22 2013 12:16

Hallo raumelol!
Etwas ähnliches wie den AcI kannst du mit der Gerund-Form des Verbes ausdrücken. Willst du z.B. sagen ' Ich höre den Vögel singen. ' kannst du im Sindarin sagen ' Laston i linnad filigod. ' Das bedeutet: Ich höre das Singen des Vogels. Schließlich kannst du deinen lateinischen Satz meines Wissens nach auch (etwas unschöner) mit ' Orpheus hofft, seine Frau aus der Unterwelt retten zu können.' übersetzen.
Ich hoffe das beantwortet deine Frage irgendwie.
LG, Niphredil
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Beiträge: 2006

Registriert: Di Mär 13 2007 13:27

Beitrag So Dez 22 2013 14:35

Quenya hat für so einen Fall (Prädikat eines Nebensatzes, dessen Subjekt zum direkten Objekt des Hauptsatzes wird) eine besondere Form, bei der ein a- an den Infinitiv kommt:
Man kenuva lumbor ahosta? 'Who shall see the clouds gather?', mit hosta- 'gather'
[Man kenuva] menel akúna '[Who shall see] the heavens bend?', mit kúna- 'bend'

Wie es in Sindarin ist, können wir nur vermuten. Die einzigen komplexen Prädikate, die wir attestiert haben, sind:
aníra suilannad 'wishes to greet'
aníra tírad 'wishes to see'

Hier würde ich suilannad, tírad als Koverben einstufen - es sind wegen der fehlenden Lenition keine direkten Objekte des Verbs.
Falls diese Konstruktion robust ist, könnte man *Laston linnad i filig oder *Laston i filig linnad mutmaßen.
Natürlich wäre auch volle Substantivierung möglich: *Laston i linnad i filig "Ich höre das Singen der Vögel", eine Partizip-Konstruktion *Laston i filig linnol oder eine Nebensatz-Konstruktion *Laston i filig linnar "Ich höre, dass die Vögel singen".

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